Asia / Pacific
Photo: Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance
Indonesia Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Central Sulawesi’s Tojo Una-Una and Morowali districts are what are often called “post-conflict areas.” That means that immediate violence due to conflict and war has ended in this part of Indonesia, but the results of conflict remain. In this case, many people remain displaced more than a decade after violence peaked in the region. And with that displacement, poverty has increased. Nearly a quarter of residents are living below the poverty level – way above the national average of 13 percent.
Both communities are made up mostly of farmers who rely on crops such as rice, cocoa and clove for their livelihoods. However, production is not as good as it could be due to limited knowledge about appropriate agricultural techniques and tools. With this in mind, the CWS program to reduce poverty and improve food security — gaining access to affordable food — is claiming success. Its focus is on improving access to water supply and sanitation facilities and providing community members with farm tools, quality seeds and training. Eight-hundred households are directly benefitting, with 4,000 people benefiting in some way.
There are always challenges in work like this and not everything worked out as planned. A water and sanitation project was delayed – though there is still hope for that, as water quality in the area is good. In the end, farmers in these communities learned how to choose good seeds and to properly prepare land. They also learned best practices for seeding and transplanting, including plant spacing, and plant care, including fertilizing and spraying for pest control and disease prevention. Finally, the farmers acquired new techniques for post-harvest management. Monitoring showed that the farmer groups who planted corn and peanuts did well. According to the farmers, success was at least partly due to the high quality seeds CWS supplied them.